This is a Pre-RecordedVideo Lecture course in Samskrit on the third sarga of the Mahakavya Raghuvamsha composed by Kalidasa. Smt. Vidhya Ramesh explains the verses in simple Samskrit, with detailed word-by-word meaning, anvaya and Chandas introduction. Her long experience in teaching Samskrit is amply evident in these student-friendly lectures.
Medium of Teaching – Samskrit
We thank Smt. Vidhya Ramesh for allowing us to host this course, and share these valuable resources with our students. We also thank Smt. Nivedita, who has uploaded the videos of this course, and also shared her extensive notes with us. These videos and notes are hosted on her blog, Vidyaadaanam, and we thank her too, for letting us mirror them on our portal.
Raghuvamsha is one of the most popular Mahakavyas of Samskrit, and one of the best creations of the master poet Kalidasa. It is a poem which is truly Mahat (Great) in style, in beauty and in its characters. It is primarily based on the Adikavya Ramayana. Rama was the hero in Valmiki Ramayana, but Raghuvamsha is multi hero Kavya. Kalidasa narrates the story of all the kings born in Suryavamsha emphasizing the great qualities of them. He uses various metre according to the rasa of the story. ‘पुरा कवीनां गणनाप्रसङ्गे कनिष्ठिकाधिष्ठितकालिदासः’ depicts the greatness of poet Kalidasa. Kalidasa is known for Simile (उपमा कालिदासस्य).
The people who are keen to study samkrita kavyas are first introduced to Raghuvamsha’s first and second sargas. Third sarga of the Raghuvamsha is titled RaghuRajyaAbhisheka. This sarga deals with the birth, growth and the installment of the Second king of Suryavamsha ‘Raghu’, after whom this Kavya is named.
Smt. Vidhya Ramesh is a Chennai-based teacher, who has been a volunteer with Samskrita Bharathi since 2006. She has learnt Samskrit through the spoken-Samskrit methodology of Samskrita Bharathi, and has also obtained her MA Samskrit degree from the KSOU (Karnataka State Open University)