Raghuvaṃśa is one of the most popular Mahākāvyas of Sanskrit, and one of the best creations of the master poet Kālidāsa. It is a poem which is truly Mahat (Great) in style, in beauty and in its characters.
Second sarga of this poem, titled Nandinīvarapradānam, is one of the most popular portions of the kāvya. It described the sevā of the divine cow Nandinī by the emperor Dilīpa, desiring progeny. Nandinī tests the king’s devotion by creating a Lion using her māyā. Dilīpa offers himself to the Lion, and, pleased with his devotion and dedication to Dharma, Nandinī blesses him with a son – An eminent son who would adorn the entire lineage with his Name (Here, saying “वंशस्य कर्तारमनन्तकीर्तिम्”, Kālidāsa beautifully brings out the aptness of the name of his kāvya).
The sarga is well known for the beauty of descriptions of the forest, and for the noble sentiments which the poet brings out through the conversation of the king and the Lion.
In these video lectures, Smt. Vidhya Ramesh explains the verses in simple Sanskrit, with detailed word-by-word meaning and anvaya. Her long experience in teaching Sanskrit is amply evident in these student-friendly lectures.
We thank Smt. Vidhya Ramesh for allowing us to host this course, and share these valuable resources with our students. We also thank Smt. Nivedita, who has uploaded the videos of this course, and also shared her extensive notes with us. These videos and notes are hosted on her blog, Vidyaadaanam, and we thank her too, for letting us mirror them on our portal.