This is a pre-recorded video series comprising lectures on Nitishatakam of Bhartrihari by Smt. Vishnupriya Srinivasan.Nitishatakam is one of the most famous didactic kavyas of Sanskrit. Many of its verses are hugely popular, quoted often even by those who have studied Sanskrit only minimally. This course will deal with each verse in detail in simple Sanskrit, with the word-break, word-by-word meaning, prose order, and grammatical details.
Medium of teaching – Sanskrit
Upload schedule – One video will be uploaded daily till the course is complete, starting 18 June 2021
What will you gain from this course? (Key Benefits / Learning Outcomes)
Understand each verse of Nitishatakam in-depth – with padaccheda, anvaya and bhavartha.
Improve your life skills by internalizing the timeless values taught by these verses.
Improve your Sanskrit listening, comprehension, and grammar skills.
The Niti Shatakam (hundred verses on moral values) is a magnum opus of Bhartrihari. Bhartrihari is famous for his Shataka-trayi (a triad of centuries) – comprising the Niti Shatakam,Shringara Shatakam and Vairagya Shatakam. Together, these offer a valuable aid to achieve the 4 purusharthas – Dharma, Artha, Kaama and Moksha.
Not much is known about the personal history of the poet. There have been multiple scholars and poets by the name Bhartrihari, including the grammarian who authored the Vakyapadiyam. There are varying opinions among scholars on whether the author of the Vakyapadiyam and Shatakatrayi are identical or different. In any case, both these works were composed before the 6th century CE at the latest, and occupy an exalted position in Sanskrit literature till today.
The Nitishatakam is divided into ten sections, named by the author as ‘paddhati’s. They are the
Each paddhati has ten verses. Thus, the total number of verses in the Niti Shatakam comes to 100. However, there are many variant readings for this text, the result of which there are nearly 130 verses which are ascribed to the Niti Shatakam in various editions.
The current course follows the Shatakatrayam of Bhartrihari edited by Vasudev Lakshman Sastri Pansikar – Nirnaya Sagar – sixth edition – 1922.