This is a Pre-recorded free video course on the kavya Kalividambanam, a satire written by Nilakantha Dikshita ridiculing the 17th century society. In these lectures, Ms. P.R. Gayathri explains the 100 verses of the kavya in simple Tamil, focusing on the the beauty of the Sanskrit language and the depth of the content of Kalividambanam with its satirical aspects.
Teacher of this course : Ms. P.R. Gayathri
Ms. P.R. Gayathri is a passionate teacher, who has several years of experience in teaching Sanskrit at various levels. She has been a teacher in CBSE schools and PU colleges. She is also teaching texts like Narayaneeyam and Prataparudriyam to students taking up various examinations. She has also worked for CDAC, Pune in translation projects as part of their Sanskrit team. She currently resides in Bangalore.
This is a brilliant yet short work of 102 verses, all these are composed in the Anushtup metre. As the name suggests, it ridicules the many ills of kali yuga in a satirical way. Its uniqueness is best understood by comparing it with, say, the ‘kalimahima’ section of Subhashita-ratna-bhandagara, an anthology of subhashitas, or the ‘kalidharma-vipaka’ parts found in numerous puranas. Nilakantha Dikshita was a candid social commentator and Kalividambanam projects amazing insights about society, presented with lively humor. It ridicules traditional scholars, teachers, doctors, and astrologers – basically everyone with unacceptably corrupt conduct.
Nilakantha Dikshita is one among the finest Sanskrit poets in whom we find a synchronization of both erudition and creativity.
Nilakantha Dikshita had a ready wit and was astoundingly perceptive. With a natural gift for satire, he criticized the prevalent ills of his society. His literary style, classical diction, delightful use of phrases, and creative imageries, helps us to understand his mind. With the wonderful sense of humour he rules and makes dullness, the ultimate deterrent in poetry into a portion of ultimate humour.
Idiomatic expressions were his strength. His erudition is extraordinary – his works on shastras bear testimony to this. All these abilities have turned Nilakantha Dikshita into a giant among Sanskrit poets.
He lived in the first half of the 17th century C.E., in the Madurai province of Tamil Nadu. He was under the patronage of Tirumala Nayaka, the ruler of Madurai. It can be established that he was born in the year 1613. His parents were Narayana Dikshita and Bhumidevi. They were Shaiva Brahmanas. Nilakantha Dikshita was born into a family of scholars well-versed in grammar, epistemology and philosophy.
A list of Nilakantha Dikshita’s works is given below:
Note: These lectures are recorded from live classes, and will be uploaded when they are made available by the teacher.
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